Published 1984 .
Written in EnglishRead online
|Statement||by Daniel Freeman Cassedy.|
|Series||[Master"s theses / University Center at Binghamton, State University of New York -- no. 1056], Master"s theses (State University of New York at Binghamton) -- no. 1056.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xi, 199 leaves :|
|Number of Pages||199|
Download spatial structure of lithic reduction
This thesis describes the results of lithic and spatial analysis of spatial structure of lithic reduction book multicomponent prehistoric archaeological site in Belmont, New Hampshire (NHS).
Although this site lacks stratified layers, analysis of the vertical distribution of cultural. Similar raw material units and reduction techniques and a congruent spatial distribution pattern of both stratigraphic units indicate a contamination of find material from AH into Nevertheless, AH shows a slightly varying lithic artefact morphology compared to AH Cited by: The aim of this paper is to discuss conceptual and methodological issues related with the archaeological study of lithic landscapes and exemplify the approach with a case study (artifact distribution data from east-central Argentina).
A lithic landscape—understood as the co-occurrence, in a given geographic space, of different structural units each one composed by a raw material source and Cited by: Spatial Analysis and Modeling Assessing the spatial structure of a specific lithic landscape heavily depends on the ability to manage a great deal of geographic information relative to the location of raw material sources (both primary and secondary), archaeological sampling units, relevant landscape features, and response variable values (e.g.
best track the visible spatial structure. Finally, lithics are assigned to a primary core reduction since lithic experiments have shown that most. lithic debris is concentrated within about 1 Author: Amy E Clark. The spatial structure of these sites was evaluated by using two complementary methods (Clark,Clark,Clark, ).
The first uses data from lithic refitting and assigns each artifact from a refitting set to a group based on where it is located relative to the other specimens in the spatial structure of lithic reduction book.
Spatial organization is a central issue in Palaeolithic archaeology, since it reflects the behavioural capabilities of human groups. We present an analysis of the lithic spatial distribution in a Middle Palaeolithic site, the Abric Romaní. G. Barrientos, L.
Catella, F. OlivaThe spatial structure of lithic landscapes: the late Holocene record of east-central Argentina as a case study J. Archaeol. Method Theory, 22 (4) (), pp./s–– built structure and hearth focused lithic distribution in the northern portion of the site. The RLF site analysis is a valuable case study for the application of intra-site spatial analysis on Boreal forest sites, as well as those utilizing CRM derived data sets.
same structure: a dominance of small-sized lithic and bone remains, highly fragmented reduction sequences (few chaînes opératoires are entirely developed at the. The study of lithic raw material plays an important role in developing archeologists’ understanding of the different adaptive strategies and behaviors of prehistoric people.
In this paper, we present new evidence from the Huayang site that reveals lithic raw material procurement and exploitation strategies dating to around 14 ka cal. The Huayang site is located in the southern.
Experimental Archaeology and Lithic Assemblage Analysis. Proceedings of the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, edited by J. Evans, pp. 44– Rehoboth Beach, DE.
The contributions in this book mainly resulted from the symposium, Fitting Rocks, the big Puzzle Revisited, held in at the XIVth U.I.S.P.P. conference in Liège, Belgium. The symposium brought together a wide variety of researchers who use refitting in one way or another to answer archaeological questions.
The importance of the transport of stone artefacts in structuring Neandertal lithic assemblages has often been addressed, but the degree to which this led to fragmentation of lithic reduction over Middle Palaeolithic landscapes has not been explicitly studied thus far.
Large-scale excavations of Middle Palaeolithic open-air sites and refitting. Researchers who analyze stone tools and their production debris have made significant progress in understanding the relationship between stone tools and human organizational strategies.
Stone tools are understood to be morphologically dynamic throughout their use-lives; the ever-changing morphology of stone tools is intimately associated with the needs of tool users. Lithic Analysis (Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory and Technique) - Kindle edition by Odell, George H.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Lithic Analysis (Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory and Technique).Reviews: Considerations of the spatial and temporal variability in artefact densities across a vast site area, along with aspects of the lithic reduction sequences suggests a short-duration occupation by a potentially large group, possibly resulting from aggregation of several small groups as noted in some ethnographic examples of hunter-gatherer.
Map-matching is a popular method that uses spatial information to improve the accuracy of positioning methods. The performance of map matching methods is closely related to spatial characteristics.
Although several studies have demonstrated that certain map matching algorithms are affected by some spatial structures (e.g., parallel paths), they focus on the analysis of single map. This is the first comprehensive manual on stone artifact analysis.
Logically ordered, clearly written and well illustrated, it is designed for students and professional archaeologists. It introduces the reader to lithic raw materials, and the classification of stone artifacts, basic terminology and concepts, and explains the various methods and techniques of analysis.5/5(1).
Aspects of Structure in an of preliminary explorations into the spatial associations of lithic classes on the surface of parts of lithic reduction sequences. Finally, we. The middle–late Pleistocene Kibish Formation of the Lower Omo Valley (Ethiopia) contains some of the oldest dated Homo sapiens fossils.
Archaeological excavations at the Omo Kibish between and recovered numerous stone tools from extensive horizontal exposures of two sites, KHS (dated to ± 5 kyr) and BNS (dated to at least ± 7 kyr). reduction processes.
Hence, flakes or more appropriately flake assemblages are diagnos tic of reduction techniques and the various stages or steps along what is often a contin uum of flake removals (Crabtree ). Recent investigations at 2 site locations point up the often overlooked spatial inte grity.
of variable reduction. structures and the spatial distribution of remains on living floors (Leroi-Gourhan and Brezillon ). From Stone Tools to Prehistoric Life Meanwhile, Bordes’ capacity to reformulate his ques-tions as a function of new input is clear in a paper he pub-lished in.
The lithic assemblage recovered from Horizon 2 of the Twin Ditch site is the focus of an ongoing refitting study and provides the data employed in the analysis presented here. These refitted artifacts provide a wealth of spatial and technological data that can be applied to numerous archaeological research questions.
Moundbuilder Books. If discarded tools and lithic wastes can be matched with the stages in the reduction sequence at which they were produced, the spatial organization of tool manufacturing, use, and reworking can be inferred.
Michael B. Collins () proposed a model for the reduction. Here, lithic refitting was employed to examine spatial distributions of artifacts for Lodge CC at High Rise Village. The primary focus was on biface refits although a core refit and utilized flake. The superposition of anthropogenic remains usually results in archaeological palimpsests, hindering an accurate characterization of the behavior underlying such remains.
Aimed at facing this methodological constraint in the study of Palaeolithic contexts, we present a contextual approach to Neanderthal settlement dynamics based on an understanding of lithic assemblage formation processes. The flakes are shaped using the lithic reduction techniques, allowing for creation of various tools such as arrowheads and handaxes.
Two stone characteristics will determine whether one is able to chip away big enough flakes to make tools out of: whether the stone is of a cryptocrystalline structure, and how conchoidally the stone fractures.
The Neanderthals populated western Europe from nearlyto 30, years ago when they disappeared from the archaeological record. In turn, populations of anatomically modern humans, Homo sapiens, came to dominate the area.
Seeking to understand the nature of this replacement, which has become a hotly debated issue, Paul Mellars brings together an unprecedented amount of information. In more basic elements of lithic technology, such as retouched flakes, equifinality of form is almost inevitable [32,52].
In this respect, systems of core reduction, which include long sequences of interdependent actions, have been a particular focus (e.g. [36,41,53,54]). Reduction Sequence, Chaîne Opératoire, and Other Methods: The Epistemologies of Different Approaches to Lithic Analysis, pp.
 Vaquero, M., () New perspectives on recycling of lithic resources using refitting and spatial data Quartär 58, pp In a spatial analysis of Level J at Abric Romani, Vaquero et al. () used evidence from raw material provisioning and lithic refitting to argue that a mixture of many short-term visits and a.
Krasinski, K.E. Intrasite spatial analysis of late Pleistocene/ early Holocene archaeological material from the Broken Mammoth site. MA thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Alaska, Anchorage.
Little, A.A. Lithic analysis at the Mead site, central Alaska. In archaeology, in particular of the Stone Age, lithic reduction is the process of fashioning stones or rocks from their natural state into tools or weapons by removing some parts.
It has been intensely studied and many archaeological industries are identified almost entirely by the lithic analysis of the precise style of their tools and the chaîne opératoire of the reduction techniques they. By identifying a reduction sequence, the observed data provide a direct understanding of lithic tool production and discard.
Refit analysis can reconstruct the knapping sequence and suggest, via spatial and temporal elements, how people recycled or utilized stone, their space, and bolster stratigraphic artifact relationships. feature distributions, lithic reduction, and presence of maize at the Topper Site begin to suggest the presence of general all purpose activity areas and potential structures with interior-exterior activity locations, and thus in turn begin to paint a picture of village activities in the Late Prehistoric period.
UNDERSTANDING GENDERED ACTIVITIES FROM SURFACE COLLECTIONS: AN ANALYSIS OF THE PARKER FARM AND CARMAN IROQUOIAN SITES. Megan Willison. B.A. in Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh, Quarrying locations, lithic reduction locations, and residential locales were identified by the presence/absence of: (1) on- site lithic sources, quarrying and/or reduction features; (2) facilities or features such as hearths, ash stains, and fire- cracked rock accumulations; and (3) diverse functional tool categories— domestic food.
refitting and spatial structure at the allen site This paper discusses patterns of lithic refits and artifact and feature distributions at the Allen site, a stratified Paleoindian camp in Nebraska. Low refit frequencies within and between horizontally discrete artifact concentrations suggest that these concentrations are aggregates deposited as.
In addition to the variation in these strategies, the spatial organization of activity areas and other lines of archaeological evidence offer important clues as to the broader structure of the lithic economies of the populations using these sites.
In other words, a quarry is a concentrated picture of broader lithic technological organization. This paper presents the results of a research project investigating the types, frequencies, and spatial distribution of small items of refuse on and in floors of a prehistoric structure–the Heartbreak Hotel–excavated in central Utah.the book is composed of lithic analysis case studies.
Chapters8 and 9 contain stone tool forms helped develop the related techniques of reduction sequence analysis and tool refitting analysis. At about the same time that replication studies were being explored in archae- temporal, or spatial indicators.
The understanding that tools.quarry, lithic reduction, and tool production site (Hearth et al. ). Locus A is thought to be the lithic reduction and tool production area of the quarry. Locus B was found to contain a small habitation area evidenced by groundstone artifacts related to food processing (manos, metate fragments, and .